The procedure for the replacement of missing teeth is implant dentistry. The goal of teeth replacement is to restore the function of your teeth as well as their esthetics. Dental Implants are a great way to restore a beautiful smile by replacing missing teeth.
A dental implant is a surgical fixture that is placed in the jawbone and allowed to fuse with the bone for 3 to 6 months. Dental implants act as root replacements for a missing tooth. It is made of titanium, which is not rejected by the body due to its properties.
We can use dental implants to fix a dental bridge or partial denture as well as complete denture sets with our implant-supported prosthetic procedure, the “All on 4” technique. Despite advances in dental care, millions of Americans are losing teeth – mainly due to tooth decay, periodontal disease, or injury. For many years, bridges and dentures were the only treatments available to people with missing teeth. But, today, dental implants are available.
The benefits of Implant dentistry
Dental implants are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they serve as the roots of missing teeth. Because the titanium in the implants fuses with your jawbone, the implants won’t slip, make noise or cause bone damage the way fixed bridgework or dentures might. And the materials can’t decay like your own teeth that support regular bridgework can.
In general, dental implants may be right for you if you:
- Have one or more missing teeth
- Have a fully developed jaw
- Have enough bone to protect the plants or to connect the bones
- Have healthy oral tissues
- Do not have health conditions that will interfere with bone healing
- People who cannot or are not willing to wear dentures
- Want to improve your speech
- Are willing to commit several months to the process
- Don’t smoke tobacco
Types of Dental Implant available at Dental Professionals of Spring Clinic
- Single Tooth Dental Implant
- Implant-Supported Bridge
- Implant-Supported Denture
As with any surgical procedure, dental surgery poses certain health risks. Problems are rare, however, and when they do occur they are usually minor and easily treated. Risks include:
- Infection in the implant site
- Damage or damage to surrounding structures, such as other teeth or blood vessels
- Emotional damage, which can cause pain, numbness or tingling in your natural teeth, gums, lips or chin.
- Sinus problems, when dental implants placed in the upper jaw result in one of your sinus cavities
How to prepare yourself
The planning process for dental implants may involve a variety of specialists, including a specialist in oral, jaw and facial surgery (oral and maxillofacial surgeon), a dentist who specializes in the treatment of dental structures, such as gums and bones. (periodontist), dentist (prosthodontist), or ear specialist, nasal and pharynx (ENT).
Because dental implants require one or more surgical procedures, you should have a thorough examination to prepare for the procedure, which includes:
Complete dental examination- You may have X ray of teeth and 3D photographs taken, and have models made of your teeth and jaw.
Review your medical history- Tell your doctor about any medical conditions or any medications you are taking, including over-the-counter and over-the-counter medications and supplements. If you have any heart conditions or bone marrow transplants, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics before surgery to help prevent infection.
Treatment plan- Depending on your condition, this program considers factors such as how many teeth you need to replace and the condition of your jaw and remaining teeth.
To control pain, anesthesia options during surgery include local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dentist about what option is best for you. Your dentist will teach you about eating and drinking before surgery, depending on the type of anesthesia you have. If you have sedation or general anesthesia, arrange for someone to take you home after the operation and expect to rest for the rest of the day.
What you can expect
Dental implant surgery is usually an outpatient surgery performed in stages, with healing time between procedures. The process of placing a dental implant involves multiple steps, including:
- Damaged tooth removal
- Jawbone preparation (grafting), when needed
- Dental implant placement
- Bone growth and healing
- Abutment placement
- Artificial tooth placement
The entire process can take many months from start to finish. Much of that time is devoted to healing and waiting for the growth of new bone in your jaw. Depending on your situation, the specific procedure done or the materials used, certain steps can sometimes be combined.
Choosing your new artificial teeth
Once your gums heal, you’ll have more impressions made of your mouth and remaining teeth. These impressions are used to make the crown — your realistic-looking artificial tooth. The crown can’t be placed until your jawbone is strong enough to support use of the new tooth. You and your dental specialist can choose artificial teeth that are removable, fixed or a combination of both:
- This type is similar to a conventional removable denture and can be a partial or full denture. It contains artificial white teeth surrounded by pink plastic gum. It’s mounted on a metal frame that’s attached to the implant abutment, and it snaps securely into place. It can be easily removed for repair or daily cleaning.
- In this case, the artificial tooth is permanently extracted or cemented into an abutment for individual implants. You cannot remove a tooth for cleaning or at bedtime. Most of the time, each crown is attached to its dental implant. However, because the plants are incredibly strong, several teeth can be replaced with a single implant if they are joined together.
Recovery, follow-up, follow-up care
Restoring dental implants depends on many factors, one of which includes the various steps required to complete the treatment. However, it is generally accepted that after implant placement, maintaining strict oral hygiene habits ensures proper integration with the bone structure. Floss and toothbrush breakage can contribute to treatment failure. If the implant and its surroundings are not properly cleaned, infection can occur. Smoking also has a high failure rate and should be avoided after implant surgery.
When temporary restorations are placed with implants, it is important to clean them as well as the natural teeth to ensure the best possible healing and fusion.
Discomfort after the initial surgery should be minimized. Swelling of the gums and face, slight bleeding at the implant site and bruising may occur. Prescription pain relievers may be prescribed by your dentist to relieve pain and discomfort felt after surgery. For 5-7 days after surgery, you should limit your diet to soft foods. If there are stitches, the dentist may need to remove them. However, self-dissolving sutures that do not need to be removed are usually used.
Recovery from implant surgery can take up to 6 months, but crown bonding and bonding can take up to 2 months. Again, this time frame depends on the individual case and treatment. A follow-up appointment with the treatment coordinator is necessary to monitor your progress.
With proper care, it can last a lifetime.
Are dental implants safe for children?
Dental implants are the best way to restore an adult’s smile, but they are not a reliable option for children. This is because the patient only needs dental implants if the jaw is not fully developed. The mouths of children and teenagers have changed and their jaws are not completely rigid. This happens when the patient is in their teens or early twenties. Dental implants are not the best choice for children because they can shift as the child’s jaw grows. Crouching may occur due to permanent teeth or pain. However, the American Academy of Implant Dentistry reports that implants are an option in adolescents after puberty. Their standard guidelines are to wait until girls are 16 or older and boys are 18 or older.
To correct your child’s smile, they can get a dental bridge. This is when the custom teeth are attached to the natural teeth. Teeth fill gaps in the teeth, but not in the jawbone. A removable partial denture is also an option. This is a dental device with custom teeth attached. If your child is fine with his cleft smile for a while, he can have a space retainer. This is great for toddlers as it can create space for permanent teeth to grow in properly.
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